Chrysanthemums have been a fall favorite among flower aficionados for decades. This popular bloom has a history that dates back thousands of years as well as many stories and symbols.
A History of the Chrysanthemum
The mum dates back to the 15th century B.C. It gets its name from the Greek prefix "chrys-," which means golden and "-anthemion," which means flower.
In its early beginnings, mums were only available in a golden color. Throughout the centuries, the chrysanthemum has been cultivated and is now produced in a variety of colors including white, red and purple.
The mum serves as a symbol of optimism and joy because of its yellow center and pompon petals. Those who are born in November have the Chrysanthemum as a birth flower and it's the official flower of the city of Chicago.
Each year, Japan hosts its Festival of Happiness to honor the Chrysanthemum. The Japanese look at this flower as a symbol of the sun. Some even place a single petal of a mum at the bottom a wine glass to encourage a healthy and long life.
Tips For Growing Fall's Favorite Flower
Are you wondering when to plant mums for fall? Don't quite know how to keep them alive and healthy through the winter? Here are some tips for growing fall's favorite flower:
Sunlight: You'll be glad you know that Chrysanthemums grow the best and produce the most flowers when they're planted in full sunshine. You'll also want to be sure that you're giving them enough food and moisture so they can flourish. Mums should get at least five to six hours of sunlight each day.
Choose the variety that suits you: The most helpful information may be knowing that there are hundreds of varieties of mums available. You'll want to do your research to find the best height, color, flower size and time of bloom that fits your wants and needs.
Live in the north?: If you live in a northern climate then you'll want to purchase the earlier blooms. You can still plant them during the fall, it'll just need to be toward the beginning of the season due to the fact that the cold, frost and snow is more likely to earlier in the year than if you lived in the South. Mums should be planted at least six weeks before any extreme weather arrives to ensure that they've established their roots.
Plant them deep: When you go to plant the seeds, make sure they're going into well-prepared, sandy, fertile soil. However, keep in mind that mums don't like "wet feet," or the feeling of being in water water, so you'll want to make sure that the hole they're going in is extra deep to avoid feeling as though they're drowning.